A Nepal Travel Information Guide
Nepal Travel Guide:Trekking in Nepal, Nepal Trekking, Trekking Nepal, Nepal Guide, Nepal Travel, Nepal Travels, Nepal Mountaineering, Himalayan treks information, nepal guide, hiking in nepal, treks in Himalayas, Himalayan trekking, camping trekking in Nepal, Nepal tour operators, trekking Nepal, Nepal trekking Agency-Nepal, trekking in nepal, travel agency nepal, Nepal, Everest - Annapurna Himalaya trekking, nepal travel, nepal treks operator trekking/travel/tour agents/operators - Nepal, Nepal trekking permits, Nepal trekking grades  
Nepal Travel information Guide, Agency listing trekking , hotels, rafting, sightseeing, jungle safari, adventure
Updated News and Articles News & Articles
Our Contents
        Nepal Information
        Traveler's Guide
        Getting Nepal
        Getting Round
        Around Kathmandu
        Outside Kathmandu
        Mountain Biking
        Bunjee Jumping
        Peak Climbing
        Adventure Activities
        World Heritage Tour
        Tourism Destination
        National Park
        Wildlife Reserve
        Mountain Flight
        Nepal Tourism
        Other Activities

Destination out Nepal
Nepal Environment
Nepal's environment has suffered the effects of agricultural encroachment, deforestation and consequent soil erosion, and contamination of the water supply. Between the mid-1960s and the late 1970s, forestland declined from 30% to 22% of the total area, mainly because of the felling of timber for firewood, which supplies over 90% of Nepal's fuel requirements. Moreover, it is estimated that erosion causes the loss of about 240 million cu m of topsoil each year.

All of Nepal's forests were nationalized in 1957, but reforestation efforts have been minimal. A forest conservation program, begun in 1980, includes the establishment of village tree nurseries, free distribution of seedlings, and provision of wood-burning stoves of increased efficiency. By 1985, however, deforestation averaged 324 sq mi per year, while reforestation was only 4,000 hectares (9,900 acres) per year. An additional4.4% of forest and woodland were lost between 1983 and 1993. The FAO estimates that at the present rate of depletion, the forests will be virtually wiped out by 2015.

Air and water pollution are significant environmental problems in Nepal. According to United Nations sources, the nation produces 18,000 tons of carbon monoxide and 3,300 tons of hydrocarbons per year. Roughly one-third of the nation's city inhabitants and two-thirds of all rural dwellers do not have pure water, and the use of contaminated drinking water creates a health hazard. Untreated sewage is a major pollution factor: the nation's cities produce an average of 0.4 million tons of solid waste per year.

In 2001, 28 of Nepal's mammal species and 27 of its bird species were endangered, as were 7 plant species. Species classified as endangered in Nepal include the snow leopard, tiger, Asian elephant, pygmy hog, great Indian rhinoceros, Assam rabbit, swamp deer, wild yak, chir pheasant, and gavial.


Total population of the country is approximately 25 million. The population consists of 61 caste, sub cast and ethnic and sub-ethnic groups who speak 40 major languages altogether. Nepal is a meeting place of two great civilizations Hinduism and Buddhism.

147, 181 square km. Cultivable land comprises 20 percent of the total areas. Nepal is divided administratively into 5 development regions and 75 districts and 3995 Village Development Committees. There are 36 municipalities in the country. Ecologically it is divided in to three ecological regions, mountain, hill and terai. There are eleven world heritage sites in Nepal listed by UNESCO for their rich historical and natural values.

The country is not rich in mineral resources but it has abundant surface and groundwater. Forest covers about 38 percent of the land area. The high pressure on agricultural land has led to considerable deforestation and soil loss. Unplanned urban settlement, receding forest cover, industrial establishment, the over-concentration of economic opportunities in urban areas are further aggravating environmental population. Pollutants from cooking with kerosene and industries such as the dye, brick kilns, cement factory, fuel-wood, diesel, etc continue to aggravate the air pollution problems.

Nepal is potentially rich in human resources. However, rapid population growth and sustained poverty at the household level are the two critical obstacles to the realization of this potential. The contribution of women to the national economy is not adequately reflected in the national statistics.

Average life expectancy within the last two decades has increased by 13.5 years. Nonetheless, average life expectancy is only 58 years (2001 figure). Women have a life span which is shorter by two years compared to men. Infant mortality rate is improving, but is still one of the highest in the region. Diarrhea, pneumonia and measles remain the main determinants of infant mortality. High incidence of undernutrition, early marriage and child bearing, poor housing conditions, inadequate access to safe drinking water, insufficient sanitary facilities and abuse of alcohol and tobacco contribute to the nation's poor health standard.